Timeline of the Renaming of Russian Top Flight Clubs

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The Soviet football system was very dissimilar to the Western system. In the early 1920s, all pre-revolutionary football clubs were dissolved; some of them were basically reformed under new names, after moving their “franchise” (football team) to some other location, some were created anew.

There were no “football clubs” per se in the Soviet Union – officially, all football teams belonged to some “voluntary sports society” or the other, which was reflected in their names. Here’s an incomplete alphabetic list.

Avangard was the society for heavy industry workers. Metallist Kharkov was formerly named Avangard, as was Ural Ekaterinburg; there’s still an Avangard Kursk. It later merged with Dzerzhinets society (machine building workers).

Burevestnik was the society for university students and teachers. Burevestnik Moscow and Burevestnik Chisinau (now Zimbru) played in the Soviet top-flight league in various seasons.

CSKA and various SKA teams (there were SKA Rostov-on-Don and SKA Odessa in the Soviet higher league) didn’t comprise a sports society, but they were considered a part of the “Armed Forces’ sports union”. Before the 1960s, the military-related clubs were also sometimes dubbed DO (Dom Ofitserov, “Officers’ House”) or ODO (Okruzhnoi Dom Ofitserov, “District Officers’ House”); ODO Sverdlovsk played in the Soviet Championship in 1956.

Latvian SSR industry workers belonged to the Daugava society. Daugava Riga played in the Soviet top league from the late 1940s till the early 1960s.

Police (including secret police) members belonged to the Dinamo society.  Dinamo lost many of its teams in 1954, when there was a crackdown on the sports society after Beria’s death.

Kairat was the name for the village workers’s sports society in Kazakh SSR. Kairat Alma-Ata played in the Soviet higher league for a number of years.

Estonian SSR industry workers were united by the Kalev society. Kalev Tallinn played in the Soviet top league for a couple of years in the early 1960s, when the Soviet football authorities decided that they wanted all republics to be represented in the highest division.

Krasnoe Znamya (“Red Banner”) was the society of textile workers. Tekstilschik Kamyshin was founded as Krasnoe Znamya.

Aviation industry workers belonged to the Krylya Sovetov society. It was merged with Zenit in 1953 or 1966 (sources vary on that), but some teams (in football – most notably Krylya Sovetov Samara, which were renamed Zenit for a half of the 1953 Soviet championship) kept the Krylya Sovetov designation. To complicate matters further, Zenit was merged with the Trud sports society for a while.

Lokomotiv was (obviously) the society for railway workers.

Metal workers belonged to the Metallurg society. Metallurg Moscow and Metallurg Zaporozhye played in the Soviet league.

Moldova was another former name for Zimbru Chisinau; this society united the Moldavian SSR industry workers.

Azerbaijani SSR industry workers were united by the Neftchi (“Oil workers”) society. Neftchi Baku was their team. Other oil workers’ teams of the Caucasus region were also called Neftyanik (including Neftchi Baku itself up until 1967).

Village workers of the Uzbek SSR belonged to the well-known (for various reasons) Pakhtakor (“cotton worker”) society.

Mining workers belonged to the Shakhter sports society; besides the most widely-known Shakhtar Donetsk, there were many smaller teams in the mining regions of the Soviet Union. Before the war, it was called Stakhanovets, in honour of the famous mine worker Stakhanov.

Sniper, interestingly, wasn’t the name for the society of actual snipers or even sniper rifle builders – it united precision engineering workers and was later renamed into Saturn.

Spartak was a rather diverse bunch: it consisted of consumer goods industry workers (hence one of its old name, Promkooperatsiya), service workers, car transport workers (hence another name belonging to the Spartak brand, Avtomobilist), civil aviation and “cultural workers” (artists and such).

Torpedo was a sports society for the car building industry. Football teams sponsored by car factories were usually named Torpedo; many of them still keep their moniker despite not being sponsored by their city’s car factory anymore. In the 1950s, Traktor sports society (tractor factories) was merged with Torpedo.

Industry workers of the Russian SFSR were united by the Trud society. The best Trud football team was based in Voronezh and renamed Fakel in the 1970s.

Students of vocational colleges (“professional technical school” in Russian) belonged to Trudovye Rezervy (“Work Reserves”) society. Trudovye Rezervy Leningrad played in the Soviet top flight in the 1950s.

Village workers of the Russian SFSR belonged to Urozhai (“Harvest”) society. The best-known football team that belonged to Urozhai society was Kuban Krasnodar, which, curiously, never bore the name Urozhai.

Zalgiris united the industry workers of the Lithuanian SSR.

At last, but not least, Zenit was home to various high-tech and defence industry workers. Stalinets, Zenit St. Petersburg precursor, didn’t belong to the society of Stalinist sycophants – it was simply the name of electric machine industry workers.

Sometimes the teams were named territorially (such as Ararat Yerevan, which settled on the name after playing as both Dinamo and Spartak in the 1950s) or took the name of their sponsor factory or other institution (there are many examples below).

Also, all clubs were technically considered amateur, and most players had some non-football occupation on their CV. And, as you understand, all of the above doesn’t mean that football teams actually consisted solely of, say, students – that was never the case, at least for the top-flight clubs.

And now, without any further ado, let’s look at the renamings of all the clubs that ever played in the highest tier of the Russian Championship. Several teams trace their pedigree to the pre-revolutionary sports teams, but, for the sake of convention, those were excluded from the timeline.

1921

Spartak Vladikavkaz: Unitas Vladikavkaz is founded.

1922

Lokomotiv Moscow: Kruzhok Futbolistov Kazanskoy Dorogi (“Moscow-Kazan Railway Footballers’ Circle”), or Kazanka Moscow for short, is founded.

Lokomotiv Moscow: Kazanka Moscow is renamed KOR Moscow (Klub Oktyabrskoy Revolyutsii, “October Revolution Club”) shortly thereafter.

Spartak Moscow: MKS (Moskovsky Kruzhok Sporta, “Moscow Sports Circle”) is founded.

1923

CSKA Moscow: OPPV Moscow (Opytno-Pokazatelnaya Ploschadka Vsevobucha, “Vsevobuch Experimental Exhibition Venue”) is founded.

Dinamo Moscow: Dinamo Moscow is founded. Never renamed.

Spartak Moscow: MKS is renamed Krasnaya Presnya Moscow (“Red Presnya”).

Spartak Vladikavkaz: Unitas Vladikavkaz is renamed KIM Vladikavkaz (Kommunisticheskiy Internatsional Molodyozhi, “Communist Youth International”)

1924

Dinamo Stavropol: Dinamo Stavropol is founded.

Spartak Vladikavkaz: KIM Vladikavkaz is renamed Obyedinenniy Rabochiy Klub Imeni Lenina (“Lenin United Workers’ Club”).

Torpedo Moscow: RDPK Moscow (Rabochiy Dvorets “Proletarskaya Kuznitsa”, “Proletarian Foundry Workers’ Palace”) is founded.

1925

Zenit St. Petersburg: LMZ Leningrad (Leningradskiy Metallicheskiy Zavod, “Leningrad Metal Factory”) is founded.

1926

Spartak Moscow: Krasnaya Presnya Moscow is renamed Pischeviki Moscow (“Food Workers”).

1928

CSKA Moscow: OPPV Moscow is renamed CDKA Moscow (Centralniy Dom Krasnoy Armii, “Red Army Central House”).

Kuban Krasnodar: Dinamo Krasnodar is founded.

1929

Rotor Volgograd: Traktorostroitel Stalingrad (“Tractor Builder”) is founded.

1930

FC Rostov: Selmashstroy Rostov-on-Don (“Agriculture Equipment Builders”) is founded.

Sokol Saratov: Dinamo Saratov is founded.

Torpedo Moscow: RDPK Moscow is dissolved, most players join AMO Moscow.

Ural Ekaterinburg: Uralmashstroy Sverdlovsk (“Ural Machinery Builders”) is founded.

1931

Chernomorets Novorossiysk: Dinamo Novorossiysk is founded.

Lokomotiv Moscow: KOR Moscow is renamed back to Kazanka Moscow.

Spartak Moscow: Krasnaya Presnya is renamed Promkooperatsiya (“Industrial Cooperation”).

Spartak Vladikavkaz: The city is renamed Ordzhonikidze. Lenin United Workers’ Club keeps its name.

1933

Torpedo Moscow: AMO Moscow is renamed ZiS Moscow.

Ural Ekaterinburg: Uralmashstroy Sverdlovsk is renamed Uralmashzavod Sverdlovsk (“Ural Machinery Factory”).

1935

Dinamo Stavropol: The city is renamed Voroshilovsk. Dinamo Voroshilovsk keeps its name.

Spartak Moscow: Promkooperatsiya is renamed Spartak Moscow. Never renamed again.

Spartak Nalchik: Spartak Nalchik is founded.

1936

Lokomotiv Moscow: Kazanka Moscow is renamed Lokomotiv Moscow.

FC Rostov: Selmashstroy Rostov-on-Don is renamed Selmash Rostov-on-Don.

Rotor Volgograd: Traktorostroitel Stalingrad is renamed Dzerzhinets-STZ Stalingrad.

Sibir Novosibirsk: Krylya Sovetov Novosibirsk is founded.

Torpedo Moscow: ZiS Moscow is renamed Torpedo Moscow.

Zenit St. Petersburg: LMZ Leningrad is renamed Stalinets Leningrad.

1937

Rotor Volgograd: Dzerzhinets-STZ Stalingrad is renamed Traktor Stalingrad.

Ural Ekaterinburg: Uralmashzavod Sverdlovsk is renamed Avangard Sverdlovsk.

1940

Spartak Vladikavkaz: Lenin United Workers’ Club is renamed Spartak Ordzhonikidze.

Zenit St. Petersburg: Stalinets Leningrad is renamed Zenit Leningrad.

1941

Chernomorets Novorossiysk: Dinamo Novorossiysk is dissolved.

Lokomotiv Moscow: Lokomotiv Moscow is merged with Krylya Sovetov Moscow into Profsoyuzy-1 Moscow (“Trade Unions-1”). After the war broke out, the trade unions team were disbanded, and Lokomotiv reverted to the old name. Never renamed again.

FC Rostov: Selmash Rostov-on-Don is renamed Traktor Rostov-on-Don.

Torpedo Moscow: Torpedo Moscow is merged with Metallurg Moscow into Profsoyuzy-2 Moscow. After the war broke  out, the trade unions team were disbanded, and Torpedo reverted to the old name.

1942

Krylya Sovetov Samara: Krylya Sovetov Kuibyshev (“Wings of the Soviets”) is founded.

1943

Dinamo Stavropol: The city is renamed back to Stavropol. Dinamo Stavropol keeps its name.

1944

Spartak Vladikavkaz: The city is renamed Dzaudzhikau. Spartak Dzaudzhikau keeps its name.

1945

Chernomorets Novorossiysk: The club is reformed under the name Stroitel Novorossiysk.

1946

Arsenal Tula: Zenit Tula is founded.

Saturn Ramenskoe: Sniper Ramenskoe is founded.

Terek Grozny: Dinamo Grozny is founded.

1947

Fakel Voronezh: Krylya Sovetov Voronezh is founded. For the secrecy reasons, it was sometimes referred to as “The Stalinsky Region team”.

1948

Rotor Volgograd: Traktor Stalingrad is renamed Torpedo Stalingrad.

Terek Grozny: Dinamo Grozny is renamed Neftyanik Grozny.

1951

CSKA Moscow: CDKA Moscow is renamed CDSA Moscow (Centralniy Dom Sovetskoy Armii, “Soviet Army Central House”).

Saturn Ramenskoe: Sniper Ramenskoe is renamed Krylya Sovetov Ramenskoe.

1952

CSKA Moscow: CDSA Moscow is dissolved due to Soviet national team’s poor performance at the Olympics.

Luch-Energia Vladivostok: Luch Vladivostok is founded.

1953

Krylya Sovetov Samara: Krylya Sovetov Kuibyshev is renamed Zenit Kuibyshev.

FC Rostov: Traktor Rostov-on-Don is renamed Torpedo Rostov-on-Don.

1954

Baltika Kaliningrad: Pischevik Kaliningrad is founded.

CSKA Moscow: CDSA Moscow reforms.

Krylya Sovetov Samara: Zenit Kuibyshev is renamed back to Krylya Sovetov Kuibyshev.

Kuban Krasnodar: Dinamo Krasnodar is renamed Neftyanik Krasnodar (“Oil Worker”).

Sokol Saratov: Dinamo Saratov is renamed Energia Saratov.

Spartak Vladikavkaz: The city is renamed back to Ordzhonikidze. Spartak Ordzhonikidze keeps its name.

1956

Tekstilschik Kamyshin: Krasnoe Znamya Kamyshin (“Red Banner”) is founded.

1957

CSKA Moscow: CDSA is renamed CSK MO Moscow (Centralniy Sportivniy Klub Ministerstva Oborony, “Central Sports Club of the Defence Ministry”).

FC Rostov: Torpedo Rostov-on-Don is renamed Rostselmash Rostov-on-Don.

Shinnik Yaroslavl: Khimik Yaroslavl (“Chemist”) is founded.

Sibir Novosibirsk: Krylya Sovetov Novosibirsk is renamed Sibselmash Novosibirsk (“Siberian Agricultural Machines”).

Sokol Saratov: Energia Saratov is renamed Lokomotiv Saratov.

Tom Tomsk: Burevestnik Tomsk (“Petrel”) is founded.

1958

Baltika Kaliningrad: Pischevik Kaliningrad is renamed Baltika Kaliningrad. Never renamed again.

Kuban Krasnodar: Neftyanik Krasnodar is renamed Kuban Krasnodar.

Rotor Volgograd: Torpedo Stalingrad is renamed back to Traktor Stalingrad.

Rubin Kazan: Iskra Kazan is founded.

Saturn Ramenskoe: Krylya Sovetov Ramenskoe is renamed Trud Ramenskoe.

Tekstilshik Kamyshin: Krasnoe Znamya Kamyzhin is renamed Tekstilschik Kamyshin (“Textile Worker”).

Terek Grozny: Neftyanik Grozny is renamed Terek Grozny. Never renamed again.

Tom Tomsk: Burevestnik Tomsk is renamed Tomich Tomsk.

Ural Ekaterinburg: Avangard Sverdlovsk is renamed Mashinostroitel Sverdlovsk (“Machinery Builder”).

Uralan Elista: Uralan Elista is founded. Never renamed until dissolution.

1959

Arsenal Tula: Zenit Tula is renamed Trud Tula.

Fakel Voronezh: Krylya Sovetov Voronezh is renamed Trud Voronezh (“Work”).

Tom Tomsk: Tomich Tomsk is renamed Sibelektromotor Tomsk (“Siberian Electric Motor”).

1960

Chernomorets Novorossiysk: Stroitel Novorossiysk is renamed Tsement Novorossiysu (“Cement”).

CSKA Moscow: CSK MO Moscow is renamed CSKA Moscow. Never renamed again.

Kuban Krasnodar: Kuban Krasnodar is renamed Spartak Krasnodar.

Saturn Ramenskoe: Trud Ramenskoe is renamed Saturn Ramenskoe.

Shinnik Yaroslavl: Khimik Yaroslavl is renamed Shinnik Yaroslavl. Never renamed again.

Tekstilschik Kamyshin: Tekstilschik Kamyshin is renamed Start Kamyshin.

Ural Ekaterinburg: Mashinostroitel Sverdlovsk is renamed Uralmash Sverdlovsk.

1961

Mordovia Saransk: Stroitel Saransk is founded. Later in the year renamed to Spartak Saransk.

Rotor Volgograd: The city is renamed Volgograd. Traktor Volgograd keeps its name.

Tom Tomsk: Sibelektromotor Tomsk is renamed back to Tomich Tomsk.

FC Tyumen: Geolog Tyumen (“Geologist”) is founded.

1962

Arsenal Tula: Trud Tula is renamed Shakhter Tula.

Sokol Saratov: Lokomotiv Saratov is renamed Trud Saratov.

1963

Kuban Krasnodar: Spartak Krasnodar is renamed back to Kuban Krasnodar. Never renamed again.

Sokol Saratov: Trud Saratov is renamed Sokol Saratov.

1964

Arsenal Tula: Shakhter Tula is renamed Metallurg Tula.

Rubin Kazan: Iskra Kazan is renamed Rubin Kazan.

Tekstilschik Kamyshin: Start Kamyshin is renamed back to Tekstilschik Kamyshin.

Tom Tomsk: Tomich Tomsk is renamed Torpedo Tomsk.

FC Tyumen: Geolog Tyumen is renamed Priboy Tyumen (“Surf”).

1966

FC Tyumen: Priboy Tyumen is renamed Neftyanik Tyumen.

1968

Tom Tomsk: Torpedo Tomsk is renamed Tomles Tomsk (“Tomsk Forest”).

1969

Sibir Novosibirsk: Sibselmash Novosibirsk is renamed SETM Novosibirsk (Sibelectrotyazhmash, “Siberian Electric Heavy Machinery”).

Spartak Nalchik: Spartak Nalchik is renamed Avtomobilist Nalchik.

1970

Chernomorets Novorossiysk: Tsement Novorossiysk is renamed Trud Novorossiysk.

Lada Togliatti: Torpedo Togliatti is founded.

Rotor Volgograd: Traktor Volgograd is renamed Stal’ Volgograd (“Steel”).

1971

Sibir Novosibirsk: SETM Novosibirsk is renamed Dzerzhinets Novosibirsk.

1972

Mordovia Saransk: Spartak Saransk is renamed Elektrosvet Saransk (“Electric Light”).

Rotor Volgograd: Stal’ Volgograd is renamed Barrikady Volgograd (“Barricades”).

Sibir Novosibirsk: Dzerzhinets Novosibirsk is renamed Chkalovets Novosibirsk.

Spartak Vladikavkaz: Spartak Ordzhonikidze is renamed Avtomobilist Ordzhonikidze.

1973

Spartak Nalchik: Avtomobilist Nalchik is renamed back to Spartak Nalchik.

Spartak Vladikavkaz: Avtomobilist Ordzhonikidze is renamed back to Spartak Ordzhonikidze.

1974

Arsenal Tula: Metallurg Tula is renamed Mashinostroitel Tula.

Tom Tomsk: Tomles Tomsk is renamed back to Torpedo Tomsk.

1975

Rotor Volgograd: Barrikady Volgograd is renamed Rotor Volgograd. Never renamed again (technically).

1976

FC Orenburg: Gazovik Orenburg is founded.

Spartak Nalchik: Spartak Nalchik is renamed Elbrus Nalchik.

1977

Fakel Voronezh: Trud Voronezh is renamed Fakel Voronezh (“Torch”).

Spartak Nalchik: Elbrus Nalchik is renamed back to Spartak Nalchik. Never renamed again.

1978

Asmaral Moscow: Krasnaya Presnya Moscow is founded again as Spartak Moscow’s farm club.

Chernomorets Novorossiysk: Trud Novorossiysk is renamed back to Tsement Novorossiysk.

FC Tyumen: Neftyanik Tyumen is renamed Stroitel Tyumen (“Construction Worker”).

1979

Arsenal Tula: Mashinostroitel Tula is renamed TOZ Tula.

Okean Nakhodka: Okean Nakhodka is founded. Never renamed.

Tom Tomsk: Torpedo Tomsk is renamed Manometer Tomsk.

1980

Mordovia Saransk: Elektrosvet Saransk is renamed Svetotekhnika Saransk (“Light Fixtures”).

FC Tyumen: Stroitel Tyumen is renamed Fakel Tyumen.

1981

KAMAZ Naberezhnye Chelny: KAMAZ Naberezhnye Chelny is founded. Never renamed.

1983

Arsenal Tula: TOZ Tula is renamed Arsenal Tula.

FC Tyumen: Fakel Tyumen is renamed back to Geolog Tyumen.

1987

Lokomotiv Nizhny Novgorod: Lokomotiv Gorky is founded.

1988

Tom Tomsk: Manometer Tomsk is renamed Tom Tomsk. Never renamed again.

1989

Lada Togliatti: Torpedo Togliatti is renamed Lada Togliatti.

1990

Lokomotiv Nizhny Novgorod: The city is renamed back to Nizhny Novgorod. Lokomotiv Nizhny Novgorod keeps its name.

Spartak Vladikavkaz: The city is renamed back to Vladikavkaz. Spartak Vladikavkaz keeps its name.

1991

Anzhi Makhachkala: Anzhi Makhachkala is founded. Never renamed.

Asmaral Moscow: Krasnaya Presnya Moscow is renamed Asmaral Moscow.

Krylya Sovetov Samara: The city is renamed back to Samara. Krylya Sovetov Samara keeps its name. Never renamed again.

Ural Ekaterinburg: The city is renamed back to Ekaterinburg. Uralmash Ekaterinburg keeps its name.

Zenit St. Petersburg: The city is renamed back to St. Petersburg. Zenit St. Petersburg keeps its name. Never renamed again.

Zhemchuzhina Sochi: Zhemchuzhina Sochi (“Pearl”) is founded.

1992

Chernomorets Novorossiysk: Tsement Novorossiysk is renamed Gekris Novorossiysk.

Lokomotiv Nizhny Novgorod: Lokomotiv Nizhny Novgorod is renamed Lokomotiv-Eretisport Nizhny Novgorod.

Rubin Kazan: Rubin Kazan is renamed Rubin-TAN Kazan.

Sibir Novobisibirsk: Chkalovets Novosibirsk is renamed Chkalovets-FoKuMiS Novosibirsk.

FC Tyumen: Geolog Tyumen is renamed Dinamo-Gazovik (“Dinamo – Gas Worker”) Tyumen.

Zhemchuzhina Sochi: Zhemchuzhina Sochi is renamed Zhemchuzhina – Amerus Enterprises Sochi.

1993

Chernomorets Novorossiysk: Gekris Novorossiysk is renamed Chernomorets Novorossiysk (“Black Sea Man”).

Lokomotiv Nizhny Novgorod: Lokomotiv-Eretisport Nizhny Novgorod is renamed Lokomotiv-Sportsman Nizhny Novgorod.

Sibir Novosibirsk: Chkalovets-FoKuMiS Novosibirsk is renamed back to Chkalovets Novosibirsk.

Zhemchuzhina Sochi: Zhemchuzhina – Amerus Enterprises Sochi is renamed back to Zhemchuzhina Sochi.

1994

Amkar Perm: Amkar Perm is founded. Never renamed.

Lokomotiv Nizhny Novgorod: Lokomotiv-Sportsman Nizhny Novgorod is renamed back to Lokomotiv Nizhny Novgorod. Never renamed again.

Rubin Kazan: Rubin-TAN Kazan is renamed back to Rubin Kazan. Never renamed again.

Zhemchuzhina Sochi: Zhemchzhina Sochi is renamed Zhemchuzhina-Kuban Sochi.

1995

Sokol Saratov: Sokol Saratov is renamed Sokol-PZD Saratov.

Spartak Vladikavkaz: Spartak Vladikavkaz is renamed Spartak-Alania Vladikavkaz.

Zhemchuzhina Sochi: Zhemchuzhina-Kuban Sochi is renamed back to Zhemchuzhina Sochi.

1996

Spartak Vladikavkaz: Spartak-Alania Vladikavkaz is renamed Alania Vladikavkaz.

Tekstilschik Kamyshin: Tekstilschik Kamyshin is renamed Energia-Tekstilschik Kamyshin.

Torpedo Moscow: Torpedo Moscow is renamed Torpedo-Luzhniki Moscow.

1997

FC Khimki: FC Khimki is founded. Never renamed.

Lada Togliatti: Lada Togliatti is renamed Lada-Togliatti-VAZ.

FC Moscow: Torpedo-ZiL Moscow is founded.

Tekstilschik Kamyshin: Energia-Tekstilschik Kamyshin is renamed Energia Kamyshin.

FC Tyumen: Dinamo-Gazovik Tyumen is renamed FC Tyumen.

1998

Sokol Saratov: Sokol-PZD Saratov is renamed back to Sokol Saratov. Never renamed again.

Tekstilschik Kamyshin: Energia Kamyshin is renamed Rotor-Kamyshin.

Torpedo Moscow: Torpedo-Luzhniki Moscow is renamed back to Torpedo Moscow. Never renamed again.

Volga Nizhny Novgorod: Elektronika Nizhny Novgorod is founded.

1999

Tekstilschik Kamyshin: Rotor-Kamyshin is renamed back to Tekstilschik Kamyshin. Never renamed again.

2000

Lada Togliatti: Lada-Togliatti-VAZ is renamed back to Lada Togliatti.

Sibir Novosibirsk: Chkalovets Novosibirsk is renamed Chkalovets-1936 Novosibirsk.

2001

Asmaral Moscow: Asmaral Moscow is renamed Presnya Moscow.

2002

Fakel Voronezh: Fakel Voronezh is renamed FC Voronezh.

Saturn Ramenskoe: Saturn Ramenskoe is renamed Saturn – Ren-TV Ramenskoe.

2003

Fakel Voronezh: FC Voronezh is renamed Fakel-Voronezh.

Luch-Energia Vladivostok: Luch Vladivostok is renamed Luch-Energia Vladivostok. Never renamed again.

Mordovia Saransk: Svetotekhnika Saransk is renamed Lisma-Mordovia Saransk.

FC Moscow: Torpedo-ZiL Moscow is renamed Torpedo-Metallurg Moscow.

FC Rostov: Rostselmash Rostov-on-Don is renamed FC Rostov. Never renamed again.

Spartak Vladikavkaz: Alania Vladikavkaz is renamed back to Spartak-Alania Vladikavkaz.

FC Tyumen: FC Tyumen is dissolved. SDYUSHOR Sibnefteprovod (“Special Youth Olympic Reserve School ‘Siberian Oil Pipeline'”) plays in its place.

Ural Ekaterinburg: Uralmash Ekaterinburg is renamed Ural Ekaterinburg. Never renamed again.

Uralan Elista: Uralan Elista is dissolved.

Zhemchuzhina Sochi: Zhemchuzhina Sochi is dissolved.

2004

FC Moscow: Torpedo-Metallurg Moscow is renamed FC Moscow. Never renamed until dissolution.

Saturn Ramenskoe: Saturn – Ren-TV Ramenskoe is renamed back to Saturn Ramenskoe. Never renamed again.

Spartak Vladikavkaz: Spartak-Alania Vladikavkaz is renamed back to Alania Vladikavkaz.

FC Tyumen: FC Tyumen is reformed. Never renamed again.

2005

Chernomorets Novorossiysk: Chernomorets Novorossiysk is renamed FC Novorossiysk.

Mordovia Saransk: Lisma-Mordovia Saransk is renamed Mordovia Saransk. Never renamed again.

Volga Nizhny Novgorod: Elektronika Nizhny Novgorod is renamed Volga Nizhny Novgorod. Never renamed until dissolution.

2006

Asmaral Moscow: Presnya Moscow is dissolved.

Chernomorets Novorossiysk: FC Novorossiysk is renamed back to Chernomorets Novorossiysk.

Sibir Novosibirsk: Chkalovets-1936 Novosibirsk is renamed Sibir Novosibirsk. Never renamed again.

Spartak Vladikavkaz: Alania Vladikavkaz loses professional status and is renamed back to Spartak Vladikavkaz.

2007

Arsenal Tula: Arsenal Tula is dissolved and reformed as Oruzheinik Tula.

Spartak Vladikavkaz: Spartak Vladikavkaz is renamed back to Alania Vladikavkaz.

Zhemchuzhina Sochi: Zhemchuzhina Sochi is reformed.

2008

Arsenal Tula: Oruzheinik Tula is renamed to Arsenal-Tula.

FC Krasnodar: FC Krasnodar is founded. Never renamed.

2009

Dinamo Stavropol: Dinamo Stavropol is dissolved.

Fakel Voronezh: Fakel-Voronezh is renamed back to Fakel Voronezh. Never renamed again.

FC Ufa: Bashinformsvyaz-Dinamo Ufa is founded.

2010

Dinamo Stavropol: The newly-founded Stavropolye-2009 club was renamed Dinamo and branded as Dinamo’s successor.

Lada Togliatti: Lada Togliatti is renamed SDYUSHOR-Lada Togliatti.

FC Moscow: FC Moscow is dissolved.

FC Ufa: Bashinformsvyaz-Dinamo Ufa is renamed FC Ufa. Never renamed again.

2011

Saturn Ramenskoe: Saturn Ramenskoe is dissolved.

Zhemchuzhina Sochi: Zhemchuzhina Sochi is dissolved again.

2012

Arsenal Tula: Arsenal-Tula is dissolved and reformed as Arsenal Tula. Never renamed again.

Dinamo Stavropol: Dinamo Stavropol is dissolved again. The new Dinamo Stavropol has no continuity with the previous club.

Lada Togliatti: SDYUSHOR-Lada Togliatti is renamed back to Lada Togliatti. Never renamed again.

Zhemchuzhina Sochi: Zhemchuzhina Sochi is reformed again.

2013

Zhemchuzhina Sochi: Zhemchuzhiha Sochi is dissolved again, for good this time.

2014

Saturn Ramenskoe: Saturn Ramenskoe is reformed.

Spartak Vladikavkaz: Alania Vladikavkaz is dissolved and founded again under the same name.

2016

FC Orenburg: Gazovik Orenburg is renamed FC Orenburg.

Spartak Vladikavkaz: Alania Vladikavkaz is dissolved and founded again under the name Spartak Vladikavkaz.

Volga Nizhny Novgorod: Volga Nizhny Novgorod is dissolved.

 

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Author: Alexey Spektrowski

I’m a Spartak Moscow fan who dabbles in Soviet/Russian football history (mostly numerical and statistical). Contributed some data to the Spartak Moscow museum at Otkrytie Arena.

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